Journal Article

<i>Ex situ</i> target strength of rockfish (<i>Sebastes schlegeli</i>) and red sea bream (<i>Pagrus major</i>) in the Northwest Pacific

Donhyug Kang and Doojin Hwang

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 60, issue 3, pages 538-543
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI:
Ex situ target strength of rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) and red sea bream (Pagrus major) in the Northwest Pacific

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  • Environmental Science
  • Marine and Estuarine Biology


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This study determined the ex situ target strength (TS) of rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) and red sea bream (Pagrus major) in an artificial seawater tank as a means of helping to estimate fishery resources in coastal areas. TS experiments were conducted at frequencies of 38 kHz (split beam), 120 kHz (split beam), and 200 kHz (dual beam). The species were examined under two conditions: first, live fish confined to a small, net cage; and, second, as free-swimming fish inside a large tank. The study examined 21 rockfish and 20 red sea bream. The data were used to obtain expressions for TS against length and weight for the two species. The relationships between TS and fish length were as follows: for rockfish, TS38 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 67.7 (r = 0.80), TS120 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 74.3 (r = 0.61), TS200 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 72.8 (r = 0.41); and for red sea bream, TS38 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 66.8 (r = 0.86), TS120 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 74.0 (r = 0.65), TS200 kHz = 20 log10(L) − 74.1 (r = 0.83). The TS equations for rockfish and red sea bream as a function of fish weight at 38 kHz were TS38 kHz = 6.75 log10(W) − 56.0 (r = 0.78) and TS38 kHz = 4.08 log10(W) − 49.9 (r = 0.89), respectively. For comparison, calculations using the Helmholtz–Kirchhoff ray-approximation model based on swimbladder morphology were compared with the measured TS. When the tilt angle of the fish is zero, the mean TS from the model is 3–10 dB higher than the experimental results, although the maximum TS values were only 3–4 dB different.

Keywords: acoustic model; Helmholtz–Kirchhoff ray approximation; red sea bream (Pagrus major); rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli); target strength

Journal Article.  2913 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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