Journal Article

The effects of swimbladder size, condition and gonads on the acoustic target strength of mature capelin

Roar Jørgensen

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 60, issue 5, pages 1056-1062
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1054-3139(03)00115-2
The effects of swimbladder size, condition and gonads on the acoustic target strength of mature capelin

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Pre- and post-spawning capelin from the Barents Sea stock were observed in a net pen with a calibrated 38 kHz scientific split-beam echosounder. The transducer was positioned vertically or tilted. The acoustic target strength (TS) of capelin depended on swimbladder length. In female capelin within 15.5–18.0 cm length the logarithm of weight was significantly negatively related to TS. The negative effect of weight on TS could be due to a higher condition factor (assumed higher fat content), which gave the fish additional buoyancy and less need for swimbladder volume. The effect of gonad weight on TS was not significant. Comparisons of measurements made with vertical and tilted transducers demonstrated a small but significant effect of tilt angle on TS.

Keywords: cage experiment; swimbladder; capelin; tilt angle; condition; maturation

Journal Article.  3767 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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