Journal Article

Standardization of bluefin tuna, <i>Thunnus thynnus</i>, catch per unit effort in the baitboat fishery of the Bay of Biscay (Eastern Atlantic)

E. Rodríguez-Marín, H. Arrizabalaga, M. Ortiz, C. Rodríguez-Cabello, G. Moreno and L.T. Kell

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 60, issue 6, pages 1216-1231
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1054-3139(03)00139-5
Standardization of bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, catch per unit effort in the baitboat fishery of the Bay of Biscay (Eastern Atlantic)

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Relative indices of abundance by age class for bluefin tuna from 1975 to 2000 were estimated using generalized linear mixed models. Age class was included as a fixed factor within the model specifications, with the Year×Age interaction as a fixed factor component in order to obtain annual indices by age. Catch and effort data on bluefin tuna were available from two sources, catches by trip, and daily catches from logbooks. Catches were modelled using the delta-lognormal model. The model finally selected included the following explanatory factors: Year, Age, Year×Age, Month, number of Crew, number of Bait Tanks, and with the Year×Month interaction as a random component. Overall, year trends and coefficients of variation were similar from both datasets by age class. In general, the standardization procedure showed that vessel characteristics and technological advances related to fishing have a relatively minor explanatory effect on the observed catch rates of bluefin tuna in the fishery. Neither geographical distribution nor type of bait had an explanatory effect on the observed catch rates. The 1994 cohort stands out as an exceptionally large year class; it can be followed through the standardized series. This standardized catch rate index at age of bluefin tuna is the most complete yet available and is the only one currently used for juvenile fish in calibrating population models to evaluate the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean stock. It is particularly valuable because, apart from improvements in electronic technology, there are no changes in the method of exploitation during the entire series.

Keywords: bluefin tuna; catch per unit effort; generalized linear mixed models; standardization

Journal Article.  8109 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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