Journal Article

Electrocardiographic pattern of Brugada syndrome disclosed by a febrile illness: clinical and therapeutic implications

N. Patruno, D. Pontillo, A. Achilli, G. Ruggeri and G. Critelli

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 5, issue 3, pages 251-255
Published in print July 2003 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online July 2003 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1099-5129(03)00029-1
Electrocardiographic pattern of Brugada syndrome disclosed by a febrile illness: clinical and therapeutic implications

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Background

Recent studies have identified a direct link between the ionic mechanisms responsible for the electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern of the Brugada syndrome (BS) and the in vitro experimental temperature, pointing to the possibility that some BS patients may display the ECG phenotype only during a febrile state, being in this setting at risk of lethal arrhythmias.

Case report

A 53-year-old man referred to the emergency room for abdominal pain and fever. The ECG showed dome-shaped ST-segment elevation in V1–V3, as in the typical BS. The personal and family history were unremarkable for syncope and sudden death and physical, laboratory and ultrasound examinations were negative. On day 3, at normal body temperature, the patient's ECG returned to normal and the ECG abnormalities were later reproduced with intravenous flecainide. The patient refused the implantation of a loop recorder and was discharged after 6 days. He has remained asymptomatic during 2 years of follow-up.

Conclusions

The typical ECG phenotype of BS disclosed by a febrile illness confirms the in vitro experimental data that previously established a correlation between ECG pattern of BS and temperature variations. The clinical and therapeutic implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords: Asymptomatic Brugada syndrome; fever; sudden death

Journal Article.  1505 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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