Journal Article

Technical considerations in implanting left ventricular pacing leads for cardiac resynchronisation therapy

Christoph Stellbrink, Ole-Alexander Breithardt and Peter Hanrath

in European Heart Journal Supplements

Published on behalf of European Society of Cardiology

Volume 6, issue suppl_D, pages D43-D46
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 1520-765X
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1554-2815 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehjsup.2004.05.010
Technical considerations in implanting left ventricular pacing leads for cardiac resynchronisation therapy

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Cardiac resynchronisation therapy usually requires implantation of a left ventricular lead. The coronary venous approach is nowadays preferred for this purpose because of the less invasive nature compared to direct epicardial stimulation. Optimal hemodynamic support, accessibility of the desired vein location and adequate pacing parameters without phrenic nerve stimulation are the three most important aspects for successful left ventricular lead implantation. The highly variable anatomy of the coronary venous system can sometimes cause difficulties but in experienced hands, implant success rates of more than 95% can be achieved. In this article, the potential problems and pitfalls in implanting left ventricular leads and potential solutions to problematic cases are discussed.

Keywords: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy; Pacemaker; Electrodes; Coronary veins

Journal Article.  2277 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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