Journal Article

Interannual abundance patterns of copepods during an ENSO event in Icy Strait, southeastern Alaska

Wongyu Park, Molly Sturdevant, Joseph Orsi, Alex Wertheimer, Emily Fergusson, William Heard and Thomas Shirley

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 61, issue 4, pages 464-477
Published in print January 2004 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2004 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI:
Interannual abundance patterns of copepods during an ENSO event in Icy Strait, southeastern Alaska

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  • Marine and Estuarine Biology


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Interannual copepod abundance (number m−3) and sea surface temperatures (SST, 2-m depth) were examined from four stations in Icy Strait, southeastern Alaska, monthly from May to September, 1997–2002. SST was generally lowest in May (≅7°C), increased rapidly to a summer peak (≅12°C), and declined again by September. SST was relatively high in the El Niño year, 1998, and was low during a regional cold event, 2002, compared to other years. Overall, copepods constituted 18.8% of the total biomass and 88.2% of zooplankton abundance, and included >34 species. The common copepod species were grouped into two size classes by total length (TL), those >2.5 mm (11.4% biomass, 24.2% abundance) and those <2.5 mm (7.4% biomass, 64.0% abundance). In order of dominance, large species included Metridia ochotensis, Calanus marshallae, M. pacificus, and Neocalanus spp. and small species included Pseudocalanus spp., Acartia longiremis, and Centropages abdominalis. Overall, the small species were more abundant than the large species. Densities of large copepods were relatively low compared to those of small copepods during El Niño (1998) and a cold year (2002), suggesting that large copepods with long lifespans are more sensitive to ocean climate fluctuation.

Keywords: a regional cold event; El Niño; ENSO; interannual density variation; large copepods; small copepods

Journal Article.  7335 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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