Journal Article

Trends in cpue and related changes in spatial distribution of demersal fish species in the Kattegat and Skagerrak, eastern North Sea, between 1981 and 2003

Michele Casini, Massimiliano Cardinale, Joakim Hjelm and Francesca Vitale

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 62, issue 4, pages 671-682
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2004.12.018
Trends in cpue and related changes in spatial distribution of demersal fish species in the Kattegat and Skagerrak, eastern North Sea, between 1981 and 2003

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We explored the trends in ln-transformed catch per unit effort, defined as average weight (kg) per 1 h trawling, and the spatial distribution of 32 demersal fish species in the Kattegat and Skagerrak using International Bottom Trawl Survey data collected between 1981 and 2003. As in other areas, the biomass of roundfish species such as cod, pollack, hake, and ling drastically decreased during this period most likely owing to fishing pressure. However, other commercially important fish species, e.g. haddock, whiting, and some flatfish, showed a constant or increasing trend during the same period. Non-commercial species showed no or an increasing trend in ln-cpue, by as much as 40 times in hagfish. Furthermore, analyses of the spatial distribution of 14 selected fish species by means of distribution maps of ln-cpue suggested that fish stocks contracted and expanded in response to decrease and increase of the stock biomass, respectively, with some flatfish species (i.e. plaice and flounder) and hagfish representing the exceptions to this general pattern.

Keywords: aggregation; catch per unit effort; dispersion; flatfish; non-target fish; roundfish

Journal Article.  4052 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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