Journal Article

Is juvenile salmon abundance related to subsequent and preceding catches? Perspectives from a long-term monitoring programme

E. Niemelä, J. Erkinaro, M. Julkunen and E. Hassinen

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 62, issue 8, pages 1617-1629
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.07.002
Is juvenile salmon abundance related to subsequent and preceding catches? Perspectives from a long-term monitoring programme

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The abundance of wild Atlantic salmon in the River Teno system has been monitored since the 1970s by estimating salmon catches and juvenile salmon densities at permanent electrofishing sites. Analysis of the time-series has shown significant relationships between juvenile densities (0+ and 1+) and subsequent 1SW and 2SW catches. Corresponding significant relationships have been detected between 1SW and 2SW female salmon in the catches and subsequent fry and parr densities. Monitoring juvenile densities allows evaluation of spawning escapement 1 and 2 years earlier, confirming the stock status information provided by catch statistics. These relationships between juvenile abundance and catches suggest that the monitoring programme has included feasible and biologically relevant variables and proper methodologies. Increasing trends were detected in the numbers of 1SW and 2SW salmon in catches between 1977 and 2003. Similarly, fry abundance indicated long-term increasing trends at most sites. Significant relationships were detected between abundances of subsequent sea-age groups in catches (1SW vs. 2SW 1 year later, etc.), indicating that strong smolt year classes influence the abundance of several subsequent sea-age groups, and that such relationships permit forecasting future catches of multi-sea-winter salmon by 1SW salmon catches.

Keywords: long-term monitoring; prediction; relationships; trends in abundance

Journal Article.  7286 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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