Journal Article

Effect of enriched rotifers on growth, survival, and composition of larval Atlantic cod (<i>Gadus morhua</i>)

Heum Gi Park, Velmurugu Puvanendran, Anne Kellett, Christopher C. Parrish and Joseph A. Brown

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 63, issue 2, pages 285-295
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.10.011
Effect of enriched rotifers on growth, survival, and composition of larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)

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Recently, the nutritional requirements of marine finfish larvae have received considerable attention, and studies have shown that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) affects the growth and survival of marine finfish larvae. We investigated the effects of different rotifer diets containing variable amounts of DHA on the growth and survival of larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Four different commercial rotifer enrichment formulations were used: spray-dried whole cells composed of Crypthecodinium sp. (ED1), spray-dried whole cells of Schizochytrium sp. (ED2), an oil emulsion (ED3) and ED1, and dried Chlorella at a 7:3 ratio by weight (ED4). The resultant rotifers contained a similar concentration of DHA (1.1–1.6% DW), but the level of DHA differed in proportion to EPA for each enrichment, and was designated ER1–4. Twelve 30-l aquaria were used with three replicates per treatment. Larvae were fed with rotifers from 3 to 43 days post-hatch (dph) at 4000 prey l−1. At the end of the experiment, no significant differences were found in body length and dry weight between the larvae reared on ER1 and ER2. However, larvae reared on ER3 were significantly smaller (both in length and weight) than larvae reared on ER1 and ER2. Larval survival on the ER2 treatment at 43 dph was significantly higher than on the other three treatments. Our results showed a positive effect of rotifer DHA proportions on growth and survival of cod larvae, and demonstrated that Atlantic cod larvae require a high ratio of dietary DHA to EPA.

Keywords: Atlantic cod larvae; DHA proportion; DHA/EPA ratio; enrichments; rotifer

Journal Article.  6905 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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