Journal Article

Worldwide status and perspective on gadoid culture

Grethe Rosenlund and Magnus Skretting

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 63, issue 2, pages 194-197
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.11.012
Worldwide status and perspective on gadoid culture

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Currently, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is the primary species being developed for commercial culture, with activities concentrated around the North Atlantic. In addition, closed life cycles have been established for haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), pollock (Pollachius pollachius), and hake (Merluccius australis), but production of these species (in Canada, Spain, and Chile) is rather modest. In the short- to medium-term, Atlantic cod will be the dominant gadoid species in culture, and it is believed that production can reach levels similar to those of farmed salmon within the next 15–20 years. This development is possible because methods for year-round production of juveniles and significant hatchery capacity have been established. Also, there is a demand for farmed cod to fill the gap between increasing market needs and diminishing supply from fisheries. However, challenges must be met if cod farming is to reach its anticipated potential. Juvenile production must become more reliable in terms of survival and quality. For the on-growing phase, the supply of cost-efficient feeds produced from sustainable raw materials is of utmost importance. Consumer markets need to be developed with an emphasis on quality and food safety. Relatively little is known about health management for gadoid species.

Keywords: development; farming; gadoids

Journal Article.  2717 words. 

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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