Journal Article

Growth, behaviour, and digestive enzyme activity in larval Atlantic cod (<i>Gadus morhua</i>) in relation to rotifer lipid

Kelly O'Brien-MacDonald, Joseph A. Brown and Christopher C. Parrish

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 63, issue 2, pages 275-284
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.11.017
Growth, behaviour, and digestive enzyme activity in larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in relation to rotifer lipid

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Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) show great potential for aquaculture, but much is unknown about their digestive capacity and efficiency. An integrated experiment was performed on cod larvae to investigate the variability in digestive development in response to the quantity of lipid in the rotifer enrichment. Survival, growth, behaviour, and digestive enzyme data from hatching to metamorphosis [0–450 dd (degree-days)] were measured. Four treatments were used in triplicate: high lipid rotifer enrichment (HLRE), low lipid rotifer enrichment (LLRE), green water, and unfed. Swimming activity and attacks (captures + misses) on prey were higher in the HLRE group at 100 dd than in other treatments, and this difference increased thereafter. There was no difference in digestive enzyme activity between the unfed and greened treatments, while the LLRE larvae had lower activity levels than larvae fed HLRE by 100–150 dd for all enzymes assayed. The larvae in the unfed and green water treatments did not survive past 100 dd. All the LLRE cod had died by 250 dd. Results suggest that a higher quantity of lipid in the rotifer enrichment will not only promote better growth and survival in Atlantic cod larvae but appears to provide more energy, allowing larvae to capture more live prey.

Keywords: attacks; cod digestive capacity; growth; rotifer enrichment; survival; swimming activity

Journal Article.  6556 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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