Journal Article

The escape of juvenile farmed Atlantic salmon from hatcheries into freshwater streams in New Brunswick, Canada

Jonathan W. Carr and Frederick G. Whoriskey

in ICES Journal of Marine Science

Published on behalf of ICES/CIEM

Volume 63, issue 7, pages 1263-1268
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 1054-3139
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1095-9289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2006.03.020
The escape of juvenile farmed Atlantic salmon from hatcheries into freshwater streams in New Brunswick, Canada

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The escape of juvenile Atlantic salmon from freshwater hatcheries supplying the salmon farming industry may lead to interactions between wild and farmed fish. The scale of this problem, however, has not been examined in detail. We monitored temporal trends in the abundance of escaped juvenile farmed salmon in the Magaguadavic River and Chamcook Stream for several years. In addition, in 2004 we assessed more than 90% of the commercial hatcheries producing salmon smolts located next to freshwater streams in New Brunswick. Escaped juvenile fish were recorded in 75% of the streams electrofished close to hatcheries. Numbers varied by site and year. However, escaped juvenile salmon were found every year at sites near hatcheries in the Magaguadavic River and Chamcook Stream. In the Magaguadavic River, juvenile escapees outnumbered wild salmon parr in most years. These results highlight the need for implementation of a containment strategy for freshwater hatcheries to reduce escapes.

Keywords: escapes; farmed; hatcheries; salmon; wild

Journal Article.  3782 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environmental Science ; Marine and Estuarine Biology

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