Journal Article

Cutaneous larva migrans in Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors

Felix Boon-Bin Yap

in Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Published on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Volume 105, issue 7, pages 405-408
Published in print July 2011 | ISSN: 0035-9203
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1878-3503 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2011.04.002
Cutaneous larva migrans in Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors

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Abstract

A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the clinical features of cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) seen in the Department of Dermatology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) and to assess the rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors. Clinical records of all 31 patients with CLM seen between January 2006 and June 2010 were retrieved. The majority of patients were male. The mean age was 32.2 years. Pruritus was reported in 83.9% of cases and serpiginous tracts in 100%. The mean lesion count was 4.4 and the mean duration of disease before presentation was 3.1 weeks. The majority of skin lesions were on the buttock and lower extremities. Only 45.2% of patients had the correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors. Older age of patients and lower number of lesions were associated with a higher rate of correct diagnosis. The low rate of correct diagnosis made by the referring primary care doctors to the dermatologists in this study warrants the need for education of not only primary care doctors but also future primary care providers, consisting of medical students, house officers and junior medical officers.

Keywords: Cutaneous larva migrans; Primary care doctors; Serpiginous tract; Correct diagnosis; Malaysia; Dermatology

Journal Article.  2235 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Medicine ; Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Medical Microbiology and Virology ; Public Health and Epidemiology

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