Journal Article

Ten-year results of a strategy combining three cycles of ABVD and high-dose extended irradiation for treating Hodgkin's disease at advanced stages

J.-M. Andrieu, J.-P. Jais, P. Colonna, B. Desablens, J. Brière, S. François, J.-L. Harousseau, P. Casassus, A. Lemevel, P.-Y. Le Prisé, C. Ghandour, F. Guilhot and F. Lejeune

in Annals of Oncology

Published on behalf of European Society for Medical Oncology

Volume 9, issue 2, pages 195-203
Published in print February 1998 | ISSN: 0923-7534
Published online February 1998 | e-ISSN: 1569-8041 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008232228653
Ten-year results of a strategy combining three cycles of ABVD and high-dose extended irradiation for treating Hodgkin's disease at advanced stages

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Background: The treatment of Hodgkin's disease (HD) at advanced stages relies mainly upon multi-agent chemotherapies (CT), while the role of radiation therapy has not been definitely identified. The aim of this report is to analyze the 10-year results of a prospective study including 133 patients with HD clinical stages (CS) IIIA to IVB treated by three monthly courses of ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastin, and dacarbazine) followed by high-dose subtotal or total lymphoid irradiation [(S)TLI].

Patients and methods: From 1 October 1981 to 30 September 1988, 133 adult patients with HD CS IIIA (45), IIIB (33), IVA (seven) and IVB (48) were entered in the non-randomized multicentric prospective trial POF81/34. The number of involved nodal areas (NINA), and the number of visceral sites (NVIS) involved were registered in all patients; patients with bulky mediastinal tumor (BuMT) (mediastinal mass ratio ≥0.45) were also identified. All patients received three monthly cycles of ABVD. Patients in complete remission (CR) or partial remission (PR) after completion of CT received a (S)TLI including the spleen (involved sites 40 Gy, non-involved 30 Gy); initially involved lung(s) and liver received 18 and 20 Gy, respectively; and patients not in CR or PR after CT or RT received salvage treatments. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the factors contributing significantly to the prognosis; initial characteristics, as well as status after the three cycles of CT, were entered in the model.

Results: Of the 133 patients, 74 (55.6%) entered in CR after CT and 116 (87.2%) after completion of radiation therapy. Ten-year freedom from progression (FFP), freedom from tumor mortality (FFTM) and survival rates were 70.4%, 78.9% and 70.6%, respectively. According to univariate analysis the NVIS (≤ one vs. ≥ two) was the only initial factor simultaneously influencing 10-year FFP (73.9% vs. 38.2%) FFTM (82.5 vs. 34.1%) and survival (73.5% vs. 17.3%) rates; on the other hand, the NINA (≤ four vs. ≥ five) influenced FFP (81.4% vs. 60.7%) and FFTM rates (87.3% vs. 71.4%) while symptoms (A vs. B) influenced FFP (80.7% vs. 63.3%) and survival (82.8% vs. 61.2%) rates. Finally, age (<40 vs. ≥40) influenced survival rate only (79.2% vs. 50%). According to multivariate analysis, NVIS and NINA had an independent impact on FFP and FFTM, while survival was modified by the NVIS and age. The post-CT status (CR vs. no CR) had a major impact on FFP (85.3% vs. 64.9%) FFTM (92.1% vs. 63.3%) as well as on survival (78.6% vs. 54.7%) rates in both univariate and multivariate analyses. Complications of therapy were mainly due to RT: 11 patients acquired second malignancies, six developed lung fibrosis or severe pulmonary infections, three developed intestinal obstructions and six developed angina pectoris or carotid stenosis.

Conclusions: Tumor burden (identified by the number of involved nodal areas and the number of visceral sites) and the response to initial CT were the two independent factors influencing the outcome of this group of 133 patients with HD, CSIII and IV treated by three cycles of ABVD followed by high-dose [(S)TLI].

Keywords: advanced stages; combined modality therapy; Hodgkin's disease

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Medical Oncology

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