Journal Article

The complex-image method for calculating the magnetic and electric fields produced at the surface of the Earth by the auroral electrojet

D. H. Boteler and R. J. Pirjola

in Geophysical Journal International

Volume 132, issue 1, pages 31-40
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0956-540X
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1365-246X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246x.1998.00388.x
The complex-image method for calculating the magnetic and electric fields produced at the surface of the Earth by the auroral electrojet

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Summary

For studying the auroral electrojet and for examining the effects it can produce in power systems on the ground, it is useful to be able to calculate the magnetic and electric fields that the electrojet produces at the surface of the Earth. Including the effects of currents induced in the Earth leads to a set of integral expressions, the numerical computation of which is complicated and demanding of computer resources. An approximate solution can be achieved by representing the induced currents by an image current at a complex depth. We present a simple derivation of the complex-image expressions and use them to calculate the fields produced by the auroral electrojet at the surface of an earth represented by layered conductivity models. Comparison of these results with ones obtained using the exact integral solution show that the errors introduced are insignificant compared to the uncertainties in the parameters used. The complex-image method thus provides a simple, fast and accurate means of calculating the magnetic and electric fields.

Keywords: auroral electrojet; electric field; induced currents; magnetic field

Journal Article.  3978 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Geophysics

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