Journal Article

The origin of pulsar glitches

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 296, issue 1, pages 217-224
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
The origin of pulsar glitches

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It is usually assumed that pulsar glitches are caused by the large-scale unpinning of superfluid neutron vortices in the solid crust of a neutron star and that vortex motion relative to the crust is highly dissipative at low velocities, owing to the excitation of long-wavelength Kelvin waves. The force per unit length acting on a vortex as a result of Kelvin wave excitation has been calculated for a polycrystalline structure using the free-vortex Green function. An approximate upper limit for the maximum pinning force has been obtained which, for the form of structure anticipated, is many orders of magnitude too small for consistency with the observed size and frequency of glitches. The corollary is that glitches do not originate in the crust: the necessary pinning may be given by the interaction between neutron and proton vortices in the liquid core of the star.

Keywords: stars: neutron; pulsars: general.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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