Journal Article

High surface brightness dwarf galaxies in the Fornax cluster

Michael J. Drinkwater and Michael D. Gregg

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 296, issue 1, pages L15-L19
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
High surface brightness dwarf galaxies in the Fornax cluster

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We describe a search for compact dwarf galaxies in the Fornax cluster using the FLAIR spectrograph on the UK Schmidt Telescope. We measured radial velocities of 453 compact galaxies brighter than BT ≈ 17.3 and found seven new compact dwarf cluster members that were not classified in previous surveys as members of the cluster. These are amongst the most compact, high surface brightness dwarf galaxies known. The inclusion of these galaxies in the cluster does not change the total luminosity function significantly, but they are important because of their extreme nature; one in particular appears to be a dwarf spiral. Three of the new dwarfs have strong emission lines and we identify them as blue compact dwarfs (BCDs), doubling the number of confirmed BCDs in the cluster. We also determined that none of the compact dwarf elliptical (M32-like) candidates is in the cluster, down to an absolute magnitude MB = −13.2. We have investigated the claim of Irwin et al. that there is no strong relation between surface brightness and magnitude for the cluster members and find some support for this for the brighter galaxies (BT < 17.3), but fainter galaxies still need to be measured.

Keywords: galaxies: clusters: individual: Fornax; galaxies: compact; galaxies: formation; galaxies: luminosity function; mass function

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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