Journal Article

Upgrade to dual chamber pacing after long-term ventricular stimulation

J. Brandt, C.J. Höijer, P. Wierup, S. Juul-Möller and P.-Å Boström

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 1, issue 3, pages 168-173
Published in print July 1999 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online July 1999 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI:
Upgrade to dual chamber pacing after long-term ventricular stimulation

Show Summary Details



To evaluate the feasibility and follow-up results of atrial lead implantation and a change to dual chamber pacing following long-term treatment with single chamber ventricular stimulation.

Methods and Results

During a 30-month period, 70 consecutive patients with ventricular pacemakers were referred for pulse generator exchange or lead reoperation. Using defined criteria, an upgrade procedure was considered indicated in 34 of the cases (49%); these patients had a mean age of 74·8±8·8 years, and had been treated with VVI or VVIR pacing for a mean time of 7·8±3·8 years (range 1·8–17). An atrial lead was successfully implanted via ipsilateral subclavian venipuncture through the existing pectoral pacemaker pocket in 33 of the 34 cases (97% of the attempts). Postoperatively, one atrial lead dislodgement was seen, and another patient required atrial lead adjustment due to P wave undersensing. The mean follow-up period was 14±10 months. During this time, four patients developed permanent atrial fibrillation (annual incidence 11%). In 82% of the patients in whom an upgrade procedure was attempted, dual chamber pacing was maintained at the end of follow-up.


Restoration of AV synchrony is possible in a substantial proportion of patients treated with long-term ventricular stimulation. Atrial lead placement through ipsilateral subclavian venipuncture is generally feasible, and the vast majority of cases remain in dual chamber pacing with normal function during intermediate term follow-up.

Keywords: Dual chamber pacing; ventricular pacing; atrial pacemaker leads; atrial fibrillation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.