Journal Article

Sinus node recovery time assessment by the overdrive suppression test employing an intravenous injection of disopyramide phosphate

T. Ishikawa, S. Sumita, K. Kimura, M. Kikuchi, M. Kosuge, T. Endo, T. Sugano, T. Sigemasa, T. Usui and S. Umemura

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 2, issue 1, pages 54-59
Published in print January 2000 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online January 2000 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/eupc.1999.0073
Sinus node recovery time assessment by the overdrive suppression test employing an intravenous injection of disopyramide phosphate

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Although sinus node recovery time (SNRT) assessment by the overdrive suppression test (ODST) is important in detecting sick sinus syndrome (SSS), its sensitivity is still inadequate. We have evaluated the effect of intravenous injection (i.v.) of disopyramide phosphate (DP) in ODST. The subjects were 30 SSS patients (64·9±10·0 <SD> years old). If SNRT was <2000 ms or the corrected SNRT (CSNRT) was <1000 ms, ODST was repeated after DP i.v. (2 mg . kg−1, ≦100 mg in total). Eleven normal subjects (59·3±9·0 years old) were also studied. Although SNRT was <2000 ms or the CSNRT was <1000 ms in 13 of the 30 SSS patients (43%), SNRT was prolonged from 1510±300 ms to 3400±1160 ms (P<0·01), and CSNRT from 510±190 to 2470±1470 ms (P<0·01) after DP i.v. in these patients. Thus, SNRT was ≧2000 ms and the CSNRT was ≧1000 ms in 27 of 30 SSS patients (90%) after DP i.v. Using a combination of overdrive suppression and intravenous injection of disopyramide phosphate, the corrected sinus node recovery time was diagnostic (>525 ms) in 29 of the 30 patients (97%). In contrast, SNRT and CSNRT were shortened in the normal subjects during ODST after DP i.v. (P<0·01). The plasma concentration of DP estimated in nine patients was 4·1±1·0 μg . ml−1. No serious side effect occurred. ODST employing DP i.v. is safe and seems to be highly effective in diagnosing SSS.

Keywords: Overdrive suppression test; sinus node recovery time; sick sinus syndrome; disopyramide

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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