Journal Article

Optimal atrioventricular delay setting determined by evoked QT interval in patients with implanted stimulus-T-driven DDDR pacemakers

T. Ishikawa, T. Sugano, S. Sumita, T. Nakagawa, K. Hanada, M. Kosuge, I. Kobayashi, K. Kimura, O. Tochikubo, T. Usui and S. Umemura

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 3, issue 1, pages 46-51
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/eupc.2000.0143
Optimal atrioventricular delay setting determined by evoked QT interval in patients with implanted stimulus-T-driven DDDR pacemakers

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Cardiac function is improved by optimizing the atrioventricular (AV) delay. An automatic optimizing function of AV delay may be necessary to achieve the most favourable haemodynamic state in paced patients. The QT interval may change when cardiac function is improved by optimizing the AV delay. The QT or stimulus-T interval is used as a sensor for rate-responsive pacemakers. Evoked (e) QT interval is measured as the time duration from the ventricular pace pulse (stimulus) and the T-sense point that is the steepest point of the intracardiac T wave (stimulus-T interval). The relationship between AV delay, eQT interval and cardiac function was studied in 10 patients (73±10 (SD) years old) with an implanted stimulus-T-driven DDDR pacemaker. Cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were measured by Swan-Ganz catheter. The AV delay was prolonged stepwise by 30 ms. Electrocardiogram event markers which indicated ventricular spike and sensed T wave were recorded, and the interval between two event markers was measured as eQT interval. When AV delay was changed from 240 ms to the AV delay at which CO was maximal (172±33 ms), eQT interval prolonged from 346±60 to 353±62 ms (P< 0·01). There was a significant positive correlation between the optimal AV delay at which CO was maximal (172±33 ms) and the optimal AV delay which was predicted from the maximum eQT interval (179±37 ms, r=0·92, P< 0·001). When AV delay was changed from 240 ms to the predicted optimal AV delay, CO increased from 4·2±0·7 to 4·5± 0·8 l . min−1(P< 0·001) and PCWP was decreased from 7·1±4·0 to 5·7±3·1 mmHg (P< 0·05). In conclusion, the optimal AV delay can be predicted from the eQT interval which is sensed by an implanted pacemaker. Automatic setting of the optimal AV delay may be achieved by the QT sensor of an implanted pacemaker.

Keywords: PQ interval; QT interval; DDD pacemaker; atrioventricular block; cardiac output; sensors

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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