Journal Article

Multiple AV nodal pathways in patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia — more common than expected?

K. M. Heinroth, K. Kattenbeck, I. Stabenow, H.-J. Trappe and P. Weismüller

in EP Europace

Published on behalf of European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Volume 4, issue 4, pages 375-382
Published in print October 2002 | ISSN: 1099-5129
Published online October 2002 | e-ISSN: 1532-2092 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/eupc.2002.0262
Multiple AV nodal pathways in patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia — more common than expected?

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Aims

It was the purpose of this study to determine the incidence of more than two AV nodal pathways in patients with AVNRT.

Methods and results

In 78 consecutive patients with AV-nodal reentrant tachycardias (AVNRT) (50 females, 28 males, mean age 52·8±14·6 years), the number of sudden AH increases by 50 ms or more (AH-jump) was analysed during atrial extrastimulation. The incidence of two AV nodal pathways was accepted to be present in patients with AVNRT without an AH-jump (‘smooth curve’).

The following forms of tachycardia were induced: a typical AVNRT (slow–fast) in 67 patients, an atypical AVNRT (fast–slow) in 12 patients and a slow–slow-AVNRT in 4 patients. Five patients had two forms of AVNRT. 47 patients (60·3%) showed two AV nodal pathways, 27 patients (34·6%) had three AV-nodal pathways and 4 patients (5·1%) exhibited four AV-nodal pathways.

For successful catheter ablation of AVNRT in patients with more than two pathways, more radiofrequency energy applications were required (9·2±6·3) compared with patients with only two pathways (6·7±4·8). Furthermore, in patients with more than two AV-nodal pathways, the catheter intervention resulted more frequently in a modulation of slow pathway conduction than in an ablation of the slow pathway(s).

Conclusion

The incidence of more than two AV-nodal pathways in patients with AVNRT was unexpectedly high at about 40%. Thus, these tachycardias require a meticulous electrophysiological evaluation for successful ablation.

Keywords: AVNRT; multiple AV-nodal pathways; catheter ablation

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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