Journal Article

Ad Lib Smoking in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Electronic Diary Study

Jean C. Beckham, Matthew T. Wiley, Susannah C. Miller, Michelle F. Dennis, Sarah M. Wilson, F. Joseph McClernon and Patrick S. Calhoun

in Nicotine and Tobacco Research

Published on behalf of Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

Volume 10, issue 7, pages 1149-1157
Published in print July 2008 | ISSN: 1462-2203
Published online July 2008 | e-ISSN: 1469-994X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14622200802123302
Ad Lib Smoking in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Electronic Diary Study

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Using ambulatory methods for 1 week of monitoring, this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 22 smokers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 23 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contrasted 1,759 smoking and 1,088 nonsmoking situations by group status controlling for multiple covariates. PTSD smokers reported higher stress and PTSD symptoms across daily activities. For all smokers, higher nicotine dependence, craving, food and caffeine consumption, and being outside were related to smoking. PTSD smokers were more likely to smoke when experiencing PTSD symptoms, anxiety, and stress. Following smoking, smokers with PTSD reported a significant reduction in negative affect. These results are consistent with previous ambulatory findings regarding mood in smokers, and underscore that in smokers with PTSD, PTSD symptom variables as well as stress and anxiety are significantly associated with ad lib smoking.

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Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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