Journal Article

Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Travelers

Eli Schwartz, Nancy Piper Jenks, Pierre Van Damme and Eithan Galun

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 29, issue 5, pages 1312-1314
Published in print November 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313430
Hepatitis E Virus Infection in Travelers

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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of clinical hepatitis in regions of endemicity, affecting primarily young adults and travelers to these areas. We present 5 cases of acute HEV infection in travelers and review 143 cases of HEV infection found by a literature search that were contracted in areas of endemicity. Fulminant hepatitis occurred in 2.7% of the reported cases; 2 of these were fatal. The destination of most of the travelers with acute HEV infection was the Indian subcontinent. The overall risk of contracting HEV infection for travelers appears to be lower than the risk for hepatitis A virus infection. Pregnant women and individuals with underlying liver disease may be a risk for severe infection.

Journal Article.  2058 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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