Journal Article

Marked Differences in Pneumococcal Carriage and Resistance Patterns between Day Care Centers Located within a Small Area

Noga Givon-Lavi, Ron Dagan, Drora Fraser, Pablo Yagupsky and Nurith Porat

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 29, issue 5, pages 1274-1280
Published in print November 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313465
Marked Differences in Pneumococcal Carriage and Resistance Patterns between Day Care Centers Located within a Small Area

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Carriage rates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and their antibiotic resistance, capsular types, and genetic patterns were studied among 264 children aged 12–35 months attending 8 day care centers located within a 2.5-mile radius in the same city. Nasopharyngeal cultures were obtained within a 2-month interval from all 264 children. Significant differences in each of the studied characteristics were found between day care centers, and each day care center had a unique pattern of the carried pneumococci. Our findings show that day care centers are independent microenvironments and emphasize their role in the transmission and augmentation of antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae in the community.

Journal Article.  4053 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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