Journal Article

Herpes Simplex Virus DNA in Amniotic Fluid without Neonatal Infection

A. Alanen and V. Hukkanen

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 30, issue 2, pages 363-367
Published in print February 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313666
Herpes Simplex Virus DNA in Amniotic Fluid without Neonatal Infection

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Twenty-one pregnant women were studied to determine the distribution of herpes simplex virus (HSV): 10 had symptomatic genital herpes, including 1 with primary cervical HSV infection, and 11 had asymptomatic genital herpes. Samples from vesicles, the cervix, and amniotic fluid (AF) were analyzed with 2 separate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests and with viral culture. For newborns, clinical examinations and pharyngeal HSV cultures were performed, and cord blood IgM antibodies to HSV were measured. HSV DNA was present in the AF of 3 women with symptomatic HSV infection, but all cultures were negative. HSV was detected more often with PCR than with culture, in both vesicle and cervical samples. For the asymptomatic group, all AF samples were negative, whereas 4 cervical samples were positive by PCR (none were positive by culture). All isolates were HSV type 2. All infants were healthy, and none had cord blood IgM antibodies to HSV, including those with PCR-positive AF.

Journal Article.  3273 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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