A prospective study of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia was performed in 12 hospitals in 7 countries. Of 452 episodes of bacteremia, 25 (5.5%) were caused by K. pneumoniae that was resistant in vitro to ciprofloxacin. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production was detected in 15 (60%) of 25 ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates, compared with 68 (16%) of 427 ciprofloxacin-susceptible strains (P = .0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance in K. pneumoniae included prior receipt of a quinolone (P = .0065) and an ESBL-producing strain (P = .012). In all, 18% of ESBL-producing isolates were also ciprofloxacin-resistant. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed that 11 of the 15 ciprofloxacin-resistant ESBL-producing strains belonged to just 4 genotypes, suggesting that patient-to-patient transmission of such strains occurred. The close relationship between ESBL production and ciprofloxacin resistance is particularly worrisome because the first reported instance of plasmid-mediated ciprofloxacin resistance has been in an isolate of K. pneumoniae also possessing an ESBL.
Journal Article. 3844 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology
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