Journal Article

Quinupristin/Dalfopristin Therapy for Infections Due to Vancomycin-Resistant <i>Enterococcus faecium</i>

Drew J. Winston, Christos Emmanouilides, Anna Kroeber, Janet Hindler, David A. Bruckner, Mary C. Territo and Ronald W. Busuttil

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 30, issue 5, pages 790-797
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313766
Quinupristin/Dalfopristin Therapy for Infections Due to Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The efficacy and safety of quinupristin/dalfopristin for treatment of infections due to vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium were evaluated in 24 hospitalized patients with documented infections (19 bacteremias, 5 localized infections) caused by vancomycin-resistant E. faecium that was susceptible to quinupristin/dalfopristin in vitro. Patients received iv quinupristin/dalfopristin at a dosage of either 7.5 mg/kg every 8 h or 5 mg/kg every 8 h. A favorable clinical response (cure or improvement) occurred in 19 (83%) of 23 evaluable patients; bacteriologic eradication occurred in 17 (74%) of 23 evaluable patients. A favorable clinical response was observed in 12 (80%) of 15 patients who were treated with 7.5 mg/kg of quinupristin/dalfopristin every 8 h and in 7 (88%) of 8 patients treated with 5 mg/kg of quinupristin/dalfopristin every 8 h. Two of four treatment failures were associated with a decrease in the in vitro susceptibility of vancomycin-resistant E. faecium to quinupristin/dalfopristin. Superinfections developed in 6 patients (26%), but only one was caused by Enterococcus faecalis that was resistant to quinupristin/dalfopristin. Myalgias and arthralgias were the only adverse events related to quinupristin/dalfopristin. These conditions occurred in 8 (33%) of 24 patients and were dose-related (8 cases in 16 patients treated with 7.5 mg/kg of quinupristin/dalfopristin every 8 h, no cases in 8 patients treated with 5 mg/kg every 8 h). Mortality associated with vancomycin-resistant E. faecium infection was 17% (4 of 23 patients), whereas mortality from other causes was 52% (12 of 23 patients). These results suggest that quinupristin/dalfopristin is effective as treatment for vancomycin-resistant E. faecium infections in critically ill patients with serious underlying conditions. Except for myalgias and arthralgias at higher dosages, the drug is well-tolerated.

Journal Article.  5368 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.