Journal Article

Acute Community-Acquired Diarrhea Requiring Hospital Admission in Swiss Children

Bettina Essers, André P. Burnens, Francesco M. Lanfranchini, Stefano G. E. Somaruga, Rodo O. von Vigier, Urs B. Schaad, Christoph Aebi and Mario G. Bianchetti

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 31, issue 1, pages 192-196
Published in print July 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313901
Acute Community-Acquired Diarrhea Requiring Hospital Admission in Swiss Children

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In order to ascertain the prevalence of agents that cause childhood diarrheal illness, stool specimens of 312 consecutive children with community-acquired diarrhea requiring admission were evaluated. Pathogens were detected in 166 (53%) of the 312 children (≥2 pathogens in 28 children): Rotavirus (n=75), Salmonella spp. (n=37), Campylobacter spp. (n=24), Shigella spp. (n=5), Giardia spp. (n=4), Yersinia spp. (n=2), Aeromonas spp. (n=15), Cryptosporidium (n=15), enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (n=13), enterotoxigenic E. coli (n=7), and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (n=5). In conclusion, acute childhood diarrheal illness pathogens, such as Aeromonas, Cryptosporidium, and diarrheagenic E. coli, account for a large proportion of patients with a microbiologically positive stool specimen.

Journal Article.  2354 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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