Journal Article

Preparing for Elimination of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS): Summary of a Workshop on CRS Elimination in the United States

Susan E. Reef, Stanley Plotkin, José F. Cordero, Michael Katz, Louis Cooper, Benjamin Schwartz, Laura Zimmerman-Swain, Maria Carolina Danovaro-Holliday and Melinda Wharton

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 31, issue 1, pages 85-95
Published in print July 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/313928
Preparing for Elimination of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS): Summary of a Workshop on CRS Elimination in the United States

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The goal of eliminating indigenous rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in the United States in the near future is now within reach, because rubella incidence has been sustained at record-low levels since the mid-1990s. Effective prevention strategies to eliminate CRS and rubella require improvement in the surveillance of CRS and congenital rubella infection (CRI). The purpose of the workshop was to review rubella and CRS epidemiology, as well as current clinical, diagnostic, and laboratory practices, to determine whether new strategies are needed to achieve and document CRS elimination. Workshop participants agreed that surveillance for CRS must be strengthened, particularly through augmented laboratory capabilities, and the case definition for CRS must be revised to reflect the current scientific information available. Further studies of methods are needed to identify high-risk populations and geographic areas for rubella and CRS and to enhance identification of infants with CRS.

Journal Article.  7654 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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