Journal Article

Gynecologic Infections in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Women

Jack D. Sobel

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 31, issue 5, pages 1225-1233
Published in print November 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/317436
Gynecologic Infections in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Women

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The maturation of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic has now claimed more than 12 million women worldwide, the majority in undeveloped countries where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections coexist and interact synergistically. Among HIV-infected women, there is excessive morbidity due to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and gynecologic disorders. This review summarizes the expanding understanding of vaginal flora, vaginitis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and genital ulcer disease in HIV-infected women. In addition to the altered clinical course, complications, and management difficulties of STDs, some gynecologic infections may influence HIV transmission as well as the vertical transmission of HIV to the newborn. Finally, severe immunodeficiency allows unusual opportunistic pathogens to invade the upper and lower genital tract. Control and prevention of gynecologic infections in HIV-positive and HIV-negative women are key components to preventing further HIV transmission.

Journal Article.  7003 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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