Journal Article

Association between Nasal Carriage of <i>Staphylococcus Aureus</i> and Infection in Liver Transplant Recipients

Frédéric Bert, Jacques-Olivier Galdbart, Virginie Zarrouk, Jacques Le Mée, Francois Durand, France Mentré, Jacques Belghiti, Nicole Lambert-Zechovsky and Bruno Fantin

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 31, issue 5, pages 1295-1299
Published in print November 2000 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2000 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/317469
Association between Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus Aureus and Infection in Liver Transplant Recipients

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We reviewed the records of 87 patients who underwent liver transplantation and who were screened by use of nasal swabs on the day before surgery. Twenty-four patients harbored methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), and 8 harbored methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). MSSA infection occurred in 3 (12.5%) of 24 MSSA carriers and in 2 (3.2%) of 63 noncarriers (nonsignificant). In contrast, MRSA infection occurred more frequently in MRSA carriers (7 [87.5%] of 8) than in MRSA noncarriers (8 [10.1%] of 79; P < .001). Nasal carriage of MRSA is associated with a very high risk of MRSA infection in liver transplant recipients.

Journal Article.  2720 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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