Journal Article

Cytomegalovirus Pneumonia in Adults with Leukemia: An Emerging Problem

Q. Nguyen, E. Estey, I. Raad, K. Rolston, H. Kantarjian, K. Jacobson, S. Konoplev, S. Ghosh, M. Luna, J. Tarrand and E. Whimbey

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 32, issue 4, pages 539-545
Published in print February 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/318721
Cytomegalovirus Pneumonia in Adults with Leukemia: An Emerging Problem

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is reportedly unusual among adults with leukemia who have not undergone transplantation. To assess the frequency of CMV pneumonia and its outcome during the present time, we reviewed the experience of 2136 hospitalized adults with leukemia. Sixty-one patients (2.9%) had CMV pneumonia diagnosed. The frequency doubled from 1.4% in 1992–1994 to 2.8% in 1995–1997 (P < .05). Fifty-four patients (89%) had received treatment with an immunosuppressive chemotherapeutic regimen that contained fludarabine (n = 37), high-dose cytoxan (n = 17), or both (n = 10), and 15 patients (25%) had received granulocyte transfusions that were stimulated with hematopoietic growth factors from unscreened donors. The overall CMV pneumonia-associated mortality rate was 57%. Among autopsied patients who had leukemia, the frequency of CMV pneumonia increased from 0%, 2.3%, and 0% in 1992, 1993, and 1994, respectively, to 4.6%, 6.5%, and 16% in 1995, 1996, and 1997, respectively (P < .05). CMV has emerged as an important cause of life-threatening pneumonia in adults with leukemia who have received potent immunosuppressive therapies and stimulated granulocyte transfusions from unscreened donors.

Journal Article.  4282 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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