Journal Article

Infectious Diseases: Considerations for the 21st Century

Anthony S. Fauci

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 32, issue 5, pages 675-685
Published in print March 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/319235
Infectious Diseases: Considerations for the 21st Century

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The discipline of infectious diseases will assume added prominence in the 21st century in both developed and developing nations. To an unprecedented extent, issues related to infectious diseases in the context of global health are on the agendas of world leaders, health policymakers, and philanthropies. This attention has focused both on scientific challenges such as vaccine development and on the deleterious effects of infectious diseases on economic development and political stability. Interest in global health has led to increasing levels of financial support, which, combined with recent technological advances, provide extraordinary opportunities for infectious disease research in the 21st century. The sequencing of human and microbial genomes and advances in functional genomics will underpin significant progress in many areas, including understanding human predisposition and susceptibility to disease, microbial pathogenesis, and the development new diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies. Increasingly, infectious disease research will be linked to the development of the medical infrastructure and training needed in developing countries to translate scientific advances into operational reality.

Journal Article.  6459 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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