Journal Article

Dissemination of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria across Geographic Borders

Iruka N. Okeke and Robert Edelman

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 33, issue 3, pages 364-369
Published in print August 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/321877
Dissemination of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria across Geographic Borders

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The development of antibiotic-resistant (AR) bacteria in any country is of global importance. After their initial selection and local dissemination, AR bacteria can be transferred across international borders by human travelers, animal and insect vectors, agricultural products, and surface water. The sources and routes of importation of strains of AR bacteria are most often unknown or undetected, because many bacteria carrying resistance genes do not cause disease, and routine surveillance often does not detect them. Control of international dissemination of AR bacteria depends on methods to reduce selection pressure for the development of such bacteria and improved surveillance to detect their subsequent spread.

Journal Article.  4043 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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