Journal Article

Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Hazards for Travelers in Africa

Charles D. Ericsson, Robert Steffen and Margaretha Isaäcson

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 33, issue 10, pages 1707-1712
Published in print November 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/322620
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Hazards for Travelers in Africa

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This short review covers 6 viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) that are known to occur in Africa: yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever, Marburg virus disease, and Ebola hemorrhagic fever. All of these have at one time or another affected travelers, often the adventurous kind who are “roughing it” in rural areas, who should therefore be made aware by their physicians or travel health clinics about their potential risk of exposure to any VHF along their travel route and how to minimize the risk. A significant proportion of VHF cases involving travelers have affected expatriate health care workers who were nosocomially exposed in African hospitals or clinics. The VHFs are associated with a high case-fatality rate but are readily prevented by well-known basic precautions.

Journal Article.  4540 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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