We report the first case of a patient infected with HIV in whom polyclonal CD8+/CD57- T lymphocyte large granular lymphocyte (LGL) proliferation was observed in association with cytomegalovirus primary infection. Because the differential diagnosis of an increased number of LGLs includes both monoclonal LGL leukemia and polyclonal proliferation of LGL, patients in whom LGL proliferation is detected always need close hematological and clinical observation to determine whether therapeutic intervention is necessary.
Journal Article. 2034 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology
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