Journal Article

Pseudomembranous Tracheobronchitis Due to <i>Bacillus cereus</i>

Richard Strauss, Andreas Mueller, Markus Wehler, Daniel Neureiter, Edgar Fischer, Martin Gramatzki and Eckhard G. Hahn

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 33, issue 5, pages e39-e41
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/322674
Pseudomembranous Tracheobronchitis Due to Bacillus cereus

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We present a case of a rapidly progressive pseudomembranous tracheobronchitis and pneumonia in a 52-year-old woman with severe aplastic anemia. Bacillus cereus was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluids, blood cultures, and pseudomembrane biopsy specimens; despite intensive antibiotic treatment, the patient's condition deteriorated rapidly. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a B. cereus infection that has caused pseudomembranous tracheobronchitis, possibly because of the production of bacterial toxins.

Journal Article.  1365 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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