Journal Article

Travel Vaccines and Elderly Persons: Review of Vaccines Available in the United States

Charles D. Ericsson, Robert Steffen, Karin Leder, Peter F. Weller and Mary E. Wilson

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 33, issue 9, pages 1553-1556
Published in print November 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/322968
Travel Vaccines and Elderly Persons: Review of Vaccines Available in the United States

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Aging is associated with alterations in immune responses and may lead to clinically significant changes in the safety, immunogenicity, and protective efficacy of certain vaccines. This review summarizes published data regarding the effects of age on responses after immunization with vaccines generally administered before travel. The specific vaccines discussed in detail include hepatitis A, typhoid, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and rabies vaccines. There is some evidence of diminished serological responses to hepatitis A and rabies vaccines in older individuals. In addition, increased toxic effects following yellow fever vaccination in elderly recipients have recently been reported. However, many travel-related vaccines have never been studied specifically in elderly populations. Consideration of potential age-related differences in responses to travel vaccines is becoming increasingly important as elderly persons more frequently venture to exotic destinations.

Journal Article.  8190 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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