Journal Article

Risk of Travel-Associated Tuberculosis

Hans L. Rieder

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 33, issue 8, pages 1393-1396
Published in print October 2001 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2001 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/323127
Risk of Travel-Associated Tuberculosis

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Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis might be acquired at home or during travel. The risk is determined by exposure frequency to a source case and the duration of the exposure. Thus, whether travel increases the background risk depends on origin, destination, and duration of travel. Infection might be acquired indoors or outdoors, but the overall risk seems small, whatever the setting. Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination and preventive therapy have both been discussed as possible preventive interventions, but the disadvantages associated with both approaches appear to outweigh any benefits. Because the risk of acquisition of infection with M. tuberculosis is small, the most rational approach is likely to delay intervention until a traveler presents with clinically active tuberculosis, as is done with any other patient.

Journal Article.  2582 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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