Journal Article

Geographic, Demographic, and Seasonal Differences in Penicillin-Resistant <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> in Baltimore

Bernadette A. Albanese, Jeffrey C. Roche, Pass Margaret, Cynthia G. Whitney, M. Catherine McEllistrem and Lee H. Harrison

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 1, pages 15-21
Published in print January 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/323674
Geographic, Demographic, and Seasonal Differences in Penicillin-Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in Baltimore

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

We examined the epidemiology of invasive penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) infections among residents of the Baltimore metropolitan area from 1995 through 1997. During this period, the proportion PRSP cases increased 42%, from 5.7% to 8.1% of cases. PRSP rates were highest among persons aged >5 and ⩾65 years, black patients, and urban dwellers. However, the proportion of PRSP cases was higher among white persons (10%) than it was among black persons (5%) and among residents of suburban counties (10%) versus urban counties (6%). PRSP cases were more common in November–April (8%) than they were in May–October (5%), particularly for persons aged ⩾65 years (10% vs. 1%). By use of logistic regression, white race, suburban residence, and winter respiratory season were found to be independent predictors of infection with PRSP. The incidence of PRSP is increasing in Baltimore, and the seasonality of PRSP suggests that recent antibiotic use, which is more common in winter months, may rapidly affect the prevalence of resistant pneumococcal infections.

Journal Article.  3706 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.