Journal Article

Survival of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Clinical and Molecular Epidemiologic Factors

Kris K. Oursler, Richard D. Moore, William R. Bishai, Susan M. Harrington, Diana S. Pope and Richard E. Chaisson

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 6, pages 752-759
Published in print March 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/338784
Survival of Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Clinical and Molecular Epidemiologic Factors

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Using restriction fragment–length polymorphism data, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 139 adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis to investigate the clinical impact of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection with a clustered isolate. The cumulative all-cause mortality rate during treatment was 21%. Patients with clustered DNA fingerprint patterns had a reduced risk of death, compared with patients with unique patterns (hazard ratio [HR], 0.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2–1.1), but this finding was confounded by age (adjusted HR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.4–1.8). After adjustment for age, the strongest predictors of death were such underlying illnesses as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and human immunodeficiency virus infection. We conclude that comorbidity and immunosuppression are important predictors of survival for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in an inner-city cohort. Recently transmitted infection, as determined by use of DNA fingerprinting to classify patients' isolates as being either clustered or unique, was not independently associated with death.

Journal Article.  4565 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.