Journal Article

Evidence for Probable Sexual Transmission of the Hepatitis G Virus

Sharon E. Frey, Sharon M. Homan, Marcia Sokol-Anderson, Margarita Torralba Cayco, Prospero Cortorreal, Cora E. Musial and Adrian Di Bisceglie

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 8, pages 1033-1038
Published in print April 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online April 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/339206
Evidence for Probable Sexual Transmission of the Hepatitis G Virus

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A cross-sectional epidemiology study evaluated the role of sexual activity and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the transmission of hepatitis G virus (HGV/GBV-C) and other hepatitis virus infections in 944 subjects. There was a statistically significant higher prevalence of HGV/GBV-C, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus exposure in the STD clinic group (i.e., subjects who were currently seeking treatment for an STD) compared with the group who never had received treatment for an STD. In a comparison of the subjects with an STD versus those without an STD, the prevalence of HGV/GBV-C was 11.3% versus 4.9%, on the basis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results alone, and 36.6% versus 8.8%, when results of PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were combined. Sexual activity and, possibly, the presence of an STD increases the risk of HGB/GBV-C transmission.

Journal Article.  3590 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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