Journal Article

Epidemiology of Acute Viral Gastroenteritis in Children Hospitalized in Rouen, France

Aude Marie Cardine, Karine Gourlain, Olivier Mouterde, Nathalie Castignolles, Marie-France Hellot, Eric Mallet and Claudine Buffet Janvresse

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 9, pages 1170-1178
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/339807
Epidemiology of Acute Viral Gastroenteritis in Children Hospitalized in Rouen, France

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This study assessed the epidemiologic characteristics of acute viral gastroenteritis in hospitalized children. A stool sample obtained from each child was analyzed for the presence of astrovirus, calicivirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, enterovirus, and digestive bacteria. Of the 438 stool samples obtained, 138 tested positive for ≥1 pathogen during the winters of 1997–1998 and 1998–1999 (P µ .001). Virologic tests revealed rotavirus in 17.3% of samples, calicivirus in 7.3%, astrovirus in 6.8%, adenovirus in 0.7%, and ≥1 virus in 5.4%. Median age was higher for patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis than it was for those with astrovirus or calicivirus gastroenteritis (P = .014). Mean duration of hospitalization was statistically significantly lower for children with rotavirus gastroenteritis (P = .022), despite the more-frequent dehydration observed among children with rotavirus versus those with astrovirus or calicivirus gastroenteritis (P = .007). In contrast, enteral rehydration was more rapidly achieved in patients with gastroenteritis due to rotavirus.

Journal Article.  5579 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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