Journal Article

Reappraisal of Community-Acquired Bacteremia: A Proposal of a New Classification for the Spectrum of Acquisition of Bacteremia

Siegman-Igra Yardena, Fourer Boaz, Orni-Wasserlauf Ruth, Golan Yoav, Noy Aliza, Schwartz David and Giladi Michael

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 11, pages 1431-1439
Published in print June 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online June 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/339809
Reappraisal of Community-Acquired Bacteremia: A Proposal of a New Classification for the Spectrum of Acquisition of Bacteremia

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

In recent years, dramatic changes in health care systems have shifted much of the care of sick individuals from hospitals to the community. Consequently, infections traditionally classified as community-acquired or hospital-acquired infections cannot now be readily classified into either category. We thus propose a new classification based on a wider spectrum of acquisition. A total of 1028 episodes of bloodstream infection (BSI) were divided into 5 categories: true community-acquired infections (370 episodes [36%]), infections in recently discharged patients (110 [11%]), infections associated with invasive procedures performed just before or at the time of admission (56 [5%]), infections in patients admitted from nursing homes (68 [7%]), and hospital-acquired infections (424 [41%]). Thus, 234 (39%) of the 604 bloodstream infections traditionally defined as community acquired were reclassified into 3 newly defined groups, each of which has distinct epidemiologic, clinical, and bacteriologic characteristics, as well as distinct antimicrobial susceptibility profiles. There is a conceptual and practical need for such a new classification.

Journal Article.  3903 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.