Journal Article

Nosocomial Infections in Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients

Preeti N. Malani, David B. S. Dyke, Francis D. Pagani and Carol E. Chenoweth

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 10, pages 1295-1300
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/340052
Nosocomial Infections in Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Infection remains a serious complication of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. We performed a cohort study to assess infections among patients who underwent LVAD implantation from October 1996 through May 1999. Thirty-six LVADs were implanted in 35 patients; the mean duration (± standard deviation) of LVAD use was 73 ± 60 days (total for all patients, 2565 days). Sixteen patients developed surgical site infections (SSIs; rate, 6.2 infections per 1000 LVAD days); 9 were deep-tissue or organ/space infections and 7 were superficial. Other infections included 7 cases of pneumonia (rate, 2.7 cases per 1000 LVAD days), 6 venous infections (rate, 2.3 per 1000 LVAD days), 2 bloodstream infections (rate, cases 0.8 per 1000 LVAD days), 3 urinary tract infections, and 2 skin and soft-tissue infections. Deep SSIs were associated with the requirement for postoperative hemodialysis (P = .02). Overall use of antibiotics was extensive, and a trend toward infection with antibiotic-resistant organisms was noted. Infections were a frequent complication of LVAD implantation. Further studies of interventions for preventing infection in LVAD recipients are warranted.

Journal Article.  2681 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.