Journal Article

Acute Terminal Ileitis Associated with Pneumococcal Bacteremia: Case Report and Review of Pneumococcal Gastrointestinal Diseases

Cathy A. Petti, S.-H. Ignatius Ou and Daniel J. Sexton

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 34, issue 10, pages e50-e53
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/340262
Acute Terminal Ileitis Associated with Pneumococcal Bacteremia: Case Report and Review of Pneumococcal Gastrointestinal Diseases

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In this report, we describe a patient with acute terminal ileitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, review 3 previously reported cases of isolated enteritis due to S. pneumoniae, and summarize the English-language literature on primary and secondary pneumococcal gastrointestinal diseases. Various theories have been advanced to explain the pathogenesis of this rare and potentially life-threatening form of pneumococcal infection, but the mechanism by which S. pneumoniae causes gastrointestinal disease is still unknown.

Journal Article.  2424 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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