Journal Article

A Randomized, Double-Blind Study of the Efficacy of a 10- or 20-Day Course of Sodium Stibogluconate for Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in United States Military Personnel

Glenn Wortmann, R. Scott Miller, Charles Oster, Joan Jackson and Naomi Aronson

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 35, issue 3, pages 261-267
Published in print August 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/341406
A Randomized, Double-Blind Study of the Efficacy of a 10- or 20-Day Course of Sodium Stibogluconate for Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in United States Military Personnel

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The recommended treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis is pentavalent antimony at a dosage of 20 mg/kg/day for 20 days. Some studies conducted in locales in which Leishmania is endemic have suggested that shorter courses of treatment may be as efficacious. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 10 versus 20 days of sodium stibogluconate (SSG) in United States military personnel who contracted cutaneous leishmaniasis while serving overseas; 19 patients received SSG for 10 days (and placebo for 10 days), and 19 patients received SSG for 20 days. Cure rates were 100% (19 of 19 patients) in the 10-day group and 95% (18 of 19 patients) in the 20-day group. Side effects were more common among patients who received 20 days of therapy. In this group of otherwise healthy young adults, SSG at a dosage of 20 mg/kg/day for 10 days appears to have been therapeutically equivalent and less toxic than the standard 20-day course.

Journal Article.  4112 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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