Journal Article

High Levels of Adenovirus DNA in Serum Correlate with Fatal Outcome of Adenovirus Infection in Children after Allogeneic Stem-Cell Transplantation

Marco W. Schilham, Eric C. Claas, Wouter van Zaane, Bianca Heemskerk, Jaak M. Vossen, Arjan C. Lankester, Rene E. Toes, Marcela Echavarria, Aloys C. Kroes and Maarten J. van Tol

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 35, issue 5, pages 526-532
Published in print September 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/341770
High Levels of Adenovirus DNA in Serum Correlate with Fatal Outcome of Adenovirus Infection in Children after Allogeneic Stem-Cell Transplantation

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An increase in the incidence of adenovirus (AdV) infection leading to death among children who have undergone allogeneic stem-cell transplantation has made it necessary to find new ways to monitor AdV infection. In this retrospective study, levels of AdV DNA in serum samples obtained from 36 transplant recipients with stool cultures positive for AdV were measured by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) semiquantitatively by analyzing serial dilutions of the DNA template. Six (86%) of 7 children who died of AdV infection, compared with only 2 (7%) of 29 other patients, had high serum levels of AdV DNA (detectable by PCR at a ⩾ 100-fold dilution of the DNA template; P < .0001). High serum levels of AdV DNA were reached a mean of 18 days before death (range, 6–29 days). Quantification of adenoviral DNA in serum may prove to be a valuable tool to diagnose and monitor AdV infection and disease in immunocompromised children.

Journal Article.  4623 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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