Journal Article

Influence of Cytomegalovirus Seropositivity on Outcome after T Cell-Depleted Bone Marrow Transplantation: Contrasting Results between Recipients of Grafts from Related and Unrelated Donors

Ellen Meijer, Adriaan W. Dekker, Maja Rozenberg-Arska, Annemarie J. L. Weersink and Leo F. Verdonck

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 35, issue 6, pages 703-712
Published in print September 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/342332
Influence of Cytomegalovirus Seropositivity on Outcome after T Cell-Depleted Bone Marrow Transplantation: Contrasting Results between Recipients of Grafts from Related and Unrelated Donors

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We analyzed the effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus on overall survival (OS) and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in 253 consecutively treated patients receiving partially T cell-depleted (TCD) bone marrow from either matched related donors (MRDs; n = 205) or matched unrelated donors (MUDs; n = 48). Short-course, low-dose preemptive therapy with ganciclovir was provided as soon as a positive antigenemia assay result was obtained. Ganciclovir prophylaxis, which was identical to preemptive therapy, was given to patients with acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II–IV who had to be treated with high-dose steroids. In recipients of transplants from MRDs, inferior OS and increased TRM were predicted by extensive chronic GVHD (P < .001). High-risk disease status and older age adversely influenced OS (P = .001) and TRM (P = .002), respectively; older age resulted in a trend toward decreased OS (P = .066). In recipients of transplants from MUDs, OS and TRM were strongly influenced by patient CMV seropositivity (P = .013 and .007, respectively). In conclusion, CMV seropositivity is not an adverse risk factor for OS and TRM in recipients of transplants from MRDs. However, in recipients of transplants from MUDs, patient CMV seropositivity strongly affects OS and TRM.

Journal Article.  4533 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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