Journal Article

Large Epidemic of Adenovirus Type 4 Infection among Military Trainees: Epidemiological, Clinical, and Laboratory Studies

Shellie A. Kolavic-Gray, Leonard N. Binn, Jose L. Sanchez, Steven B. Cersovsky, Christina S. Polyak, Felicia Mitchell-Raymundo, Ludmila V. Asher, David W. Vaughn, Brian H. Feighner and Bruce L. Innis

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 35, issue 7, pages 808-818
Published in print October 2002 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2002 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/342573
Large Epidemic of Adenovirus Type 4 Infection among Military Trainees: Epidemiological, Clinical, and Laboratory Studies

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Outbreaks of adenovirus type 4 (Ad4) acute respiratory disease (ARD) have reemerged among US military personnel during the past decade. A prospective epidemiological investigation of 678 military recruits was conducted at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, in the fall of 1998; 115 (17%) of the recruits were hospitalized for febrile ARD. Adenovirus types 4, 3, and 21 were recovered from the cultures of 70 (72%), 7 (7%), and 2 (2%) of 97 recruits, respectively. In addition, 69 (83%) of the 83 hospitalized and 82 (49%) of the 166 nonhospitalized unit contacts had seroconversion to Ad4, which indicates the very high susceptibility and communicability of Ad4 among military recruits. Young age (<20 years) and male sex increased the risk for anti-Ad4 seroconversion. Recruits from tropical areas had higher preexisting immunity than did recruits from temperate regions. Military recruits are highly susceptible to Ad4 infections. Prompt reinstitution of an adenovirus vaccination program in this high-risk population is urgently needed.

Journal Article.  5382 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.